The Historical Sugar Heritage

Trinidad Central (Today FNTA), founded by North Americans in 1892. It owes its name to the first National Federation of Sugar Workers, founded by the unforgettable leader of the workers Jesús Menéndez Larrondo, from October 13, 1960 when he was nationalized by the Revolutionary Government, becoming the property of the people. Its last harvest was made in 2004, and since then it has been paralyzed and conserved, to become once the investment process in the FNTA museum has been completed.

As part of the Technical and Historical attraction, which is presented in this Museum, steam locomotives are exhibited with carts of lines that were in charge of moving the cane cut from the cane fields, to the Ingenio. A typical colonial parking or railway station is guaranteed so that our visitors can get off the tourist train and a ranchón campesino is offered, for the enjoyment of the visitors.

Rooms: history room and video room, grinding plant area, sugar manufacturing area, steam generation area, steam locomotives, the Ingenuity jogger, sugar cane cutters, mills, mixed juice tank, pumps mixed guarapo, guarapo heaters, clarifier, vacuum rotary filters, clarified juice receiver tank, guarapo clarified heaters, evaporator cups, bins, crystallizer, centrifuges, grinding plant, electric plant.

How to get?
• Address: Batey Central FNTA, in Trinidad. Province Sancti Spíritus, belonging to the UEB Sancti Spíritus
Phone: 045 997104

Just 5 km from the 8th Villa San Juan de los Remedios and at the gates of the Santa María Cay Tourist Pole, which separates us 52 km and a similar distance from Santa Clara, the Ciudad del Ché, you can find the Marcelo Sugar Agroindustry Museum Salty at km 3 ½ of the Caibarién - Remedios highway, belonging to the municipality of Caibarién, province of Villa Clara.

With an area with more than 250 years of tradition in the cultivation of sugarcane that has been evolving from the most primitive tools of extraction of cane juice, transiting through the sugar mill, later the Ingenio and turned into an industry in 1891 where was baptized with the name of Central "Reformation"; Later in the process of Nationalization in 1960, he was given the name of Marcelo Salado Lastra in honor of a martyr of Caibarién.

A welcome cocktail of Guarapo, the sweetest natural juice in the country; and the story told by images from the origin of sugarcane, his arrival in Cuba and his leading role for several centuries in our nationality, lay the foundations for the beginning of his visit.

Its main areas are: "From Trapiche to Central", "Manipulation of the Caña", "Steam Generation", "Manufacturing",
How to get?
Address: km 3 ½ of the Caibarién highway - Remedios, Caibarién. Villa Clara.
Phone: 042 323586
 

The museum of the sugar industry, Patria o Muerte, is located in the province of Ciego de Ávila, 36 km from the provincial capital, 3 km from the city of Morón, 65 km from Jardines del Rey and approximately 502 km from the destination. from the capital of the country.

Founded in 1914 and considered the point of origin of the town that today bears its name, the Central Patria gave its last grinding cry in 2000, entering the prism of the future as a proposal for museum ingenuity.

Designed from the old structure of the sugar mills, this ingenio-museo takes full advantage of the potential offered by these infrastructures marked by time and the footprint of several generations that are rooted in the family nucleus of those villages that are they gave their origin.

The old power plant has been restructured in 10 areas of interest: Mount of flags, rustic area, mechanization area, jogger area, garden of varieties, steam display, area of ​​the mills, history room.
How to get?
Address: 36 km from the provincial capital, 3 km from the city of Morón, 65 km from Jardines del Rey and approximately 502 km from the capital of the country
Telephone: 033 505511

Museum belonging to the UEB José Antonio Echeverría (former Arechavala) located 7 ½ km from the city of Cárdenas and 20 km from the tourist pole of Varadero. Place where you come to know about the sugar industry in Cuba, arousing great interest among its visitors, and who is happy to share this heritage with the world.

The sugar mill Progreso was founded at the end of the first decade of the 19th century, at that time the main sugar region of the island was the jurisdiction of Cárdenas. In 1903 he was installed a refinery, since 1921 he goes to Central counting with long distance telephone, mail service and railway station in the batey. In 1925 its owner acquired the first locomotives, the distillery was founded in 1944 and in 1956 the yeast factory.

Account the installation with different spaces that illustrate the path traveled by the sugar: areas the parts and pieces of the process of obtaining cane sugar. Garden of varieties that shows 40 varieties of cane, collection of 28 steam locomotives. During the visit you have the possibility of:
- Taste the juice of the cane in its natural form enlivened with Cuban music
- Enjoy an exciting ride on a steam train from the early twentieth century.


How to get?
Central Smith Comas, Cárdenas. Matanzas
Phone: 045 543114

  • Entrada Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
    Entrada Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
  • Trapiche, Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
    Trapiche, Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
  • Parque de locomotoras, Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
    Parque de locomotoras, Museo Marcelo Salado, Villa Clara
  • Entrada Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
    Entrada Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
  • Máquina de vapor, Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
    Máquina de vapor, Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
  • Escultura al Che, Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
    Escultura al Che, Museo Patria o Muerte, Ciego de Ávila
  • Entrada Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
    Entrada Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
  • Estación de llegada, museo FNTA, Santi Spíritus
    Estación de llegada, museo FNTA, Santi Spíritus
  • Valle de los ingenios, Trinidad, Santi Spíritus
    Valle de los ingenios, Trinidad, Santi Spíritus
  • Locomotas a vapor, Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
    Locomotas a vapor, Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
  • Esculta Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
    Esculta Museo Smit Comas, Matanzas
  • Locomotora a vapor, museo FNTA, Santi Spíritus
    Locomotora a vapor, museo FNTA, Santi Spíritus

Cuba was the first world producer of cane sugar from 1818.
This condition was made possible by the occurrence of a series of historical events, among which stand out: The rebellion of the slaves and the ruin of the sugar industry in Haiti, which until then had the supremacy of that production; the taking of Havana by the English in 1762 and the measures of trade liberalization that later had a certain continuity; the successive introduction of slaves; the English Industrial Revolution with the introduction of the steam engine and the railroad and other scientific-technical advances; climate, water, land and wood, an element that is fundamental for the production of sugar at that time; and the Independence of the 13 English colonies of North America, which would become the main market for our sugars in a short time and in later years. In the nineteenth century Cuba produced more than 34 million tons of sugar, a figure of considerable magnitude for the time.

The early twentieth century and its early decades were witnesses in Cuba of the unusual emergence of modern central and gigantic landholdings, in full swing of the Yankee intervention that had acquired the best land. The War of Independence, whose beginning took place in a sugar mill: Demajagua, with the liberation of the slaves by the Father of the Homeland Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, affected the sugar production, but in 1892, 14 years after it was finished, it was produced the first million tons of sugar in a harvest in Cuba, which would be repeated in 1894. The "Tea Incendiary" of the War of Independence caused a decline in production and it was not until 1903 when that production volume was repeated of 1 million tons.
At the time of the mediated republic, from 1901 to 1958, in the 58 harvests more than 200 million tons were produced in Cuba, which represented 85% of all the sugar produced in the history of that production until 1958. From of the triumph of the Revolution and until the year 2000 there were more than 250 million tons, which represents 55% of all the sugar produced in the 20th century, that is, 11% more than all the sugar produced in the neo-colony in only 42 harvests against 58 in the 1901-1958 stage, which shows the priority that this production had since the very beginning of the Revolution. The revolutionary government and the people of Cuba were able to save the stagnant sugar industry from the end of the 1920s, modernize obsolete equipment, mechanize their agriculture, transform the handling of sugars, renew their harvest system, develop the system of science and technology, raise the qualification of its men, dignify their work and raise their social recognition.

Starting in 2002, the well-known international and domestic circumstances gave rise to the decision of the country to subject the Sector to a profound process of restructuring and re-dimensioning whose economic, political and social scope assumes borders of a Revolution within the Revolution. The causes of this restructuring are well known through the document that served as the basis for the initial assemblies of the process: the loss of the preferential market due to the disappearance of the socialist camp, the low prices of sugar in the world market against the high prices of productive inputs, especially oil, were the main ones. The number of power plants is reduced to 56, 36% of those that until then had been operating, and consequently the land dedicated to cane is reduced to 40% of the existing ones.

The production of sugar ceased to be "the locomotive of the economy", a role that in the future the country would achieve with a basket of contributions from a group of productive sectors and services. From then on they changed their structures, making them lighter and more functional to achieve greater efficiency. Today, the production of sugar and derivatives under the new conditions continues to be important to meet domestic demand and export surplus volumes in compliance with international commitments and generate the necessary currency for their maintenance and development. The historical process of this production, due to its significant weight in the economy, marked the emergence and development of the Cuban nationality, the national culture, its identity and the profuse racial mixture that today makes up our population. Sugar is in the deepest roots of Cuba and in the feeling of the Cubans.

In the sugar story highlights the role of the great masses of workers who shed sweat and blood to carry it forward and personalities whose relevance in the sugar industry deserve the eternal tribute: The wise Álvaro Reynoso, whose scientific principles are fully in force, Jesús Menéndez , whose struggles in favor of the sugar workers against the bosses will always remember, the Che Guevara, the Minister of Industries promoting agricultural mechanization that would humanize the work of sugarcane harvesting, Jesús Suárez Gayol, the active and capable deputy minister of the industry sugar and then as a guerrilla soldier for the freedom of other peoples, and Fidel, who personally directed this production for many years and bequeathed us his infinite knowledge and experience.

That is why regardless of the role of sugar today and what it may have in the economy of the future, today's sugar producers have the unwavering obligation to preserve history and draw the new image of modern, diversified and efficient organism on the base of our historical traditions, the sense of belonging and the service of the Homeland. To that end, the AZCUBA Sugar Group has created the Sugar Historical Heritage Program with the general objective of seeking and preserving the sugar historical memory, enhancing the feelings and values ​​of the sector and revitalizing the sense of belonging of its makers.

Ruinas Ingenio "La de Majagua", monumento nacional. Granma
Ruinas Ingenio "La de Majagua", monumento nacional. Granma
Batey del Central Jaronú, monumento nacional. Camaguey
Batey del Central Jaronú, monumento nacional. Camaguey
Conjunto escultórico a Jesús Menéndez , monumento nacional. Granma
Conjunto escultórico a Jesús Menéndez , monumento nacional. Granma
Escultura de alto valor patrimonial. Mayabeque
Escultura de alto valor patrimonial. Mayabeque