Sugar Personalities in Cuba

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He was born in Alquízar (current town of the same name, belonging to the province of Havana), Cuba, on November 4, 1829. Physicist, Agronomist and Industrial Technologist chemistry. His father and his great uncle, Antonio Reynoso Trujillo and Álvaro José Reynoso, coffee plantation holders with positions of Lieutenant and Captain Pedáneo, respectively, in an Alquízar party, showed great interest in empirical agronomic and botanical experimentation. Antonio made observations about the cultivation of corn and, especially, about coffee.

He also collaborated closely with Ramón de la Sagra in the collection of plants, between 1831 and 1835, when he occupied the direction of the Botanical Garden of Havana and the Agronomic Institution. According to the merits achieved with his cooperation, he received the title of Correspondent of the Botanical Garden in 1832. For his part, Álvaro José planted in 1826 a remarkable amount of trees of Castaño de Malabar, in lands of one of his coffee plantations. He received his PhD in Sciences at the University of Paris (1856), after the chemical studies


He was born in Agramonte, province of Matanzas on August 29, 1926, of Spanish parents and social worker origin was professionalized as an accountant and came to occupy the position of advisor to the Ministry of Sugar. He began his working life in 1940 in the central Francisco Castro Ceruto of the current province of Granma as a messenger and already for the 1950s, after having gone through more than a dozen jobs in an ascending way, he becomes auxiliary administrator of Central San Ramón, considered position of importance and confidence for the time.

With the triumph of the Revolution and the intervention of the centrals, in 1960 he was appointed president of the Local Commission for the Application of Agrarian Reform in the San Ramón Central, later becoming the administrator of the central and at the same time of the central Roberto Ramírez .

In 1962, he became head of the Economic Department of the Provincial Delegation of Sugar in the province of Oriente. Between 1964 and 1976, he holds the responsibility of economic and production deputy director of the Provincial Company of the Sugar Industry of the East.


He was born on May 24, 1936 in La Quinta de la Cobadonga, Asturias. When his parents moved to Cuba, they settled down in the Dumañuecos neighborhood of the Central Manatí neighborhood.
During his primary and secondary studies he stands out for his character. As a teenager he is impressed by the events of the Moncada and sees in the armed struggle proposed by Fidel the path to achieve the independence of Cuba.

He was personally involved in the struggle for a deep friendship with José Antonio Hechevería, president of the FEU.
In 1956 he graduated with a Bachelor of Science and entered the agricultural school of the University of Havana where he excelled in the acts of the historic hill against tyranny.
Later he participates in clandestine actions of the July 26 movement and adds


He was born in the La Palma farm just over two kilometers from Encrucijada, Las Villas province on December 14, 1911. The desperate economic situation of the family forced him to work as a child in agricultural work, hence its incorporation to the school was very late and their attendance to classes very little.

In the first years of his adolescence, the characteristics that would later define him as a great leader of the labor movement were awakened in Jesús Menéndez. He was thirteen years old when he began cutting cane in the colonies of the central Nazábal. It was a tough time in which there was plenty of labor. In order to keep his job he had to be a good cutter, and at that time he had the selfless help of José Coeglo, a long machetero who took him as a couple.

During the so-called "Tiempo Muerto" misery ran through the sugarcane colonies and hundreds of thousands of workers were looking for their livelihood where they could, Jesus found work in the tobacco choices of Quintas, Encrucijada, Guayos, and Cabaiguán.

In this stage of his life he learned to know capitalist exploitation


First National Hero of Labor in Cuba, for his exploits in the cutting of manual cane; without it, the history of the Millionaire Movement of the sugar harvests could not be written. On April 2, 1941, at Finca Los Indios, Reinaldo Castro Yebra was born, son of Agripina Yebra and Ramón Castro. Her childhood took place in a very difficult situation, when she was 6 years old she went to school at Finca La Redonda for the first time, and when she was 7 years old she joined the working life, her first job was turning straw cane and 8 years, began to cut cane with his father to help support family, so he stayed until age 14, who signed with16 to get a salary ahead of time.

Incorporating as official worker to the harvest of 1954. In addition to the harvest cut rice in the Ciénaga de Zapata for a wage of $ 1.74 and other agricultural work, fertilizer irrigation, made coal.
The triumph of the Revolution surprised him by cutting rice with his brothers in the Zapata Swamp