First National Hero of Labor in Cuba, for his exploits in the cutting of manual cane; without it, the history of the Millionaire Movement of the sugar harvests could not be written. On April 2, 1941, at Finca Los Indios, Reinaldo Castro Yebra was born, son of Agripina Yebra and Ramón Castro. Her childhood took place in a very difficult situation, when she was 6 years old she went to school at Finca La Redonda for the first time, and when she was 7 years old she joined the working life, her first job was turning straw cane and 8 years, began to cut cane with his father to help support family, so he stayed until age 14, who signed with16 to get a salary ahead of time.
Incorporating as official worker to the harvest of 1954. In addition to the harvest cut rice in the Ciénaga de Zapata for a wage of $ 1.74 and other agricultural work, fertilizer irrigation, made coal.
The triumph of the Revolution surprised him by cutting rice with his brothers in the Ciénaga de Zapata, in these first years there was a change in the social system but not in the economy, because everything was kept in private hands until in 1962 the First Zafra del Pueblo in which all the canes were cut.
When literacy arrived, the desire to learn grew, falling in love with her literacy teacher. Along with the responsibilities, he had the need to study. And since he was very sacrificed, things did not go badly for him. Without having gone to school, he was able to draw accounts and attended the school of the Party in which he attended four semesters in a year. He joined the Bachelor of Social Sciences in 1977.
He held positions of high responsibility in the country, as Deputy and member of the Council of State, integrating the Central Committee of the Party. In 1965 the management tasks increased and I could not chop cane as before. He was named head of the Camilo Cienfuegos brigade, with which he cut one million 912 thousand arrobas in a harvest. He retired at 60 years of age due to sufferings in the spine.
Trajectory as Machetero
With the First People's Harvest, Reinaldo begins to be known beyond the limits of Calimete. His fame was growing day by day and that year, in 1962, he was taken to the Ignacio Agramonte plant in Florida, and he is presented as a cutter of a thousand arrobas for technical standards and raised by hand. Few believed what they were saying and someone shouted that he had to prove it by cane fields of the country and not in the Matanzas terroir. He refused at the beginning but to remove the label of liars and had to go to the East to demonstrate what he did every day. "
The first demonstration was in Contramaestre. He arrived there at 4 in the morning and at 6 he was already in the court. The cane that was given was bad and at 8 am I had a thousand arrobas. Receiving 500 pesos as a prize, donating the money to the Federation of Cuban Women.
Back to Calimete and as the harvest was over he devoted himself to sowing, fertilizing and fumigating cane. For his recognized work, technicians from Czechoslovakia, gave him a tractor with all its attachments. That team donated it to the Enrique Noda farm, where he worked.
In the other harvest averaged 6 thousand 362 arrobas of cane cut for technical norms and raised by hand, something that when saying popular a human being could not do it. But Reinaldo did, and with such naturalness that for many, although they were seeing it, it was a lie. It made easy the difficult and simple the extraordinary.
That year a provincial competition was held in Calimete, but I was opposed to participating because I believed that in one day the greatness of a machete could not be measured. He cut my 328 arrobas in 8 hours and won the competition and in the national competition in the Hector Molina power station, he punched 2 thousand 308 arrobas in 8.
In the last hour I knocked down 480 arrobas. On March 5, 1964, he was proclaimed National Hero of Socialist Labor, supported by his activities in 1962 and 1963.
The arrival of the first Venceremos brigade to Isla, made up of North Americans willing to know the Cuban reality, in open defiance of the severe laws of their country and to collaborate in the cane harvest, occupies Reynaldo in the Rubén Martínez Villena plant in Havana , in the organization of the cuts for those visitors.
Millionaire movement of cane cutting in Cuba.
The main antecedent of the movement, is in the own zafras of the town, arisen as of 1959, because it was the moment in which the macheteros began to cut every day and all the canes.
Also the realization of competitions between macheteros, sponsored since 1963 by Che and Ursinio Rojas, a veteran communist leader, contributed to its emergence, as well as the arrival of the alzadora, who also greatly favored the birth of the brigades of that year. macheteros
In July 1964, in the balance meeting of the PCC, presided over by Comrade Raul Castro Ruz, in the farm Emiliano Lemes, of the central America Libre, the comrade Jorge Risquet proposed to initiate an emulative contention among brigades with the goal that its 48 members cut a million arrobas in the harvest of 1965.
The 1965 harvest began with such purposes and by March 3 of that year the Commander-in-Chief delivered, in an act in Güines Park, the millionaire flag to the Julio Antonio Mella Brigade, from the Mayabeque region of Havana , although two other Matanzas groups, the Orlando Suárez and the Lázaro Acosta, with whom Reinaldo also cut, reached that extraordinary date on the same date.
The movement that emerged in the East of the country, caused that in that province 157 brigades reached one million and others approached that goal, while in the rest of the country another 70 collectives reached one million, almost all of Matanzas.
Between 1971, when a more reliable statistic was established, and until 1990 they had reached the status of millionaires 20 thousand 128 brigades; the 2 million, 3 thousand 933 collectives; 777 the 3 million, and another large group more than 4 million, all headed by the superbrigades Evelio Rodríguez Curbelo of the trade union of Commerce and Gastronomy with 9 million, Anniversary of the October Revolution of the transport union and Jesús Suárez Gayol of the union of the Food with 10 million and Calixto García from the construction union with 11 million in a harvest.
As the combined sugarcane machine was introduced in our fields, the movement became stronger among the operators of those equipment, and in the 1990 harvest, 2 thousand 79 of those men harvested one million or more arrobas of cane.
In the last harvest of 1990, 2079 combine operators harvested one million. Of these, 152 cut two million, 17, three million; 5 four million and 3 colossi: Arcel Quevedo, Renán Cabrera and Manuel Galvez set the record of 5 million arrobas of cane in a harvest.
For being a sports lover, he made efforts to rebuild the Pelota de Calimete stadium and also the football field. It belongs to the Sports Peña and no games are lost.